in ethics, a set of mental capacities that is often cited to establish the unique moral status of human beings (see humanity). These usually include the ability to reason, to reflect on oneself and one's actions, and to have an interest in one's future. There is particular debate over the moral status of the fetus, which is clearly not a person in this sense but has the potential to become one. The Australian philosopher Peter Singer has famously argued that such an approach to moral status is ‘speciesist’ in that it discriminates against nonhuman animals, which may have more cognitive ability than some humans (e.g. newborn babies or patients in a persistent vegetative state).

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  • personhood — 1878, from PERSON (Cf. person) + HOOD (Cf. hood) …   Etymology dictionary

  • personhood — [pʉr′sən hood΄] n. the state or condition of being a person, or individual human being …   English World dictionary

  • personhood — /perr seuhn hood /, n. 1. the state or fact of being a person. 2. the state or fact of being an individual or having human characteristics and feelings: a harsh prison system that deprives prisoners of their personhood. [1955 60; PERSON + HOOD] * …   Universalium

  • personhood — noun see person …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • personhood — noun The state or period of being a person …   Wiktionary

  • personhood — n. state of being a person; humanity, state of having feelings and qualities of a human; individuality, state of having unique characteristics …   English contemporary dictionary

  • personhood —  Личностность …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • personhood — n. the quality or condition of being an individual person …   Useful english dictionary

  • Corporate personhood debate — The corporate personhood debate refers to the controversy (primarily in the United States) over the question of what subset of rights afforded under the law to natural persons should also be afforded to corporations as legal persons.Opponents of… …   Wikipedia

  • Corporate personhood — refers to the question about which subset of rights that are afforded under the law to natural persons should also be afforded to corporations as legal persons. In Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819), corporations were recognized as having the… …   Wikipedia

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